May 30, 2024
Economy

Jeremy Hunt delivers crucial pre-election budget announcements


2 Mins Ago

Hunt: We can now help families with permanent cuts in taxation

Hunt says the government is now in a position to “help families with permanent cuts in taxation” and plans to stimulate economic growth to lead to a “high wage, high skill economy.”

5 Mins Ago

Hunt steps up to the despatch box

Jeremy Hunt is up, and starts his address by announcing £1 million to build a memorial for Muslims who died during the two World Wars.

An Hour Ago

A word from CNBC’s reporter on the ground, Silvia Amaro

LONDON – March 6, 2024: CNBC’s Silvia Amaro interviews Chris Hayward, policy chairman at the City of London Corporation, outside the Houses of Parliament ahead of the U.K.’s Spring Budget statement.

Emilia Hardie, CNBC

CNBC General Assignments Reporter Silvia Amaro has been outside Westminster since the early hours, talking to economists about what to expect from the chancellor:

“The pressure is on. Chancellor Jeremy Hunt is gearing up to present the final Spring Budget of this government before voters head to the polls later this year. No doubt the upcoming general election will impact today’s budgetary announcements.

“The open question is how far the chancellor will be willing to go to convince voters and whether that will be enough to make a big difference in the voting intentions. The Conservative Party is significantly behind Labour, by about 20 percentage points. Though it is still unclear when the general election will take place this year, everyone in Westminster knows: the clock is ticking!”

An Hour Ago

UK stocks nudge higher on ‘British ISA’ speculation

Britain’s FTSE 100 led the way among major European stock indexes on Wednesday morning, nudging 0.3% higher.

Russ Mould, investment director at AJ Bell, suggested the cautiously positive sentiment may derive from speculation that Jeremy Hunt will announce plans for a “British ISA” in order to encourage more Brits to invest savings in U.K. stocks.

An ISA (individual savings account) is a popular savings account in the U.K. that offers tax-free interest payments.

The government has already announced plans to make pension funds disclose how much they are investing in the U.K. versus overseas markets.

“In theory, that could provide a tailwind for UK equities if a significant number of investors invest extra money in UK stocks, pushing up prices,” Mould said in an email Wednesday.

“This is all theoretical and there is no guarantee it will play out in this way if the British ISA goes ahead. In reality, people can already invest as much as they like in U.K. shares via a stocks and shares ISA, so any benefit for UK companies is likely to be relatively marginal.”

However, he noted that both the FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 outperformed developed market peers on Wednesday, perhaps on hopes that the British ISA could in theory make the U.K. a more attractive listing venue for companies looking to go public.

London has also suffered a number of de-listings and high-profile IPO snubs over the past year, with British semiconductor design firm Arm notably opting to list on New York’s Nasdaq.

Elliot Smith

2 Hours Ago

Must look at tax cuts in the context of past and future increases, think tank says

When the government announced in November that it was cutting the rate of National Insurance from 12% to 10%, economists were quick to point out that most taxpayers would still be worse off due to the effect of existing freezes on personal tax thresholds — known as the “fiscal drag.”

Freezing the tax thresholds, rather than increasing them in line with inflation, means that, as nominal wages rise, millions more people are tipped into higher tax brackets, or into the tax system after previously being below the required income level.

The Resolution Foundation, a think tank focused on improving living standards for low and middle-income families, highlighted that the expected further 2 pence cut to NI on Wednesday should be seen as the filling of a sandwich between past and future increases in the personal tax burden.

“These tax cuts that are likely to happen today come in the context of tax rises that have already happened — about £20 billion worth that have already happened — so that’s largely in the form of freezing the thresholds at which people actually start to pay tax on their income,” Senior Economist Hannah Slaughter told CNBC’s Silvia Amaro on Wednesday.

“Those thresholds would normally go up with inflation, so more people than would otherwise have been the case are actually paying taxes or paying higher rates of tax.”

On top of that, Slaughter highlighted that a slew of future tax rises are penciled in to take place after the impending election.

“We’re expecting further threshold freezes — obviously all of this is dependent on who wins the election on what they decide to do — but about £17 billion of tax rises have already been announced for after the election, so that’s how we should be thinking about the cuts today in the wider context of tax rises ahead and in the past,” Slaughter said.

– Elliot Smith

2 Hours Ago

Nomura: Expect a combination of cost cutting and borrowing to fund tax pledges

George Buckley, chief European economist at Nomura, told CNBC outside Parliament on Wednesday that the big question when discussing loosening fiscal policy in the form of tax cuts is “where is that money coming from?”

“Is it going to be borrowed, or are they going to try and bring in tightening elsewhere to offset that? I think it probably will be a combination of both,” he told CNBC’s Silvia Amaro.

He noted that the government has received a boost from improved public finances, lower interest rates and lower inflation, all of which reduce the Treasury’s outgoings — but said Hunt still has very limited room to maneuver.

“With policies like cutting National Insurance costing £10 billion, and that’s just one policy, there’s going to be a lot of other things that they need to do to reduce the deficit,” Buckley said.

– Elliot Smith

4 Hours Ago

UK stocks slightly higher, sterling muted in early trade

5 Hours Ago

City of London Corporation: Need to stimulate high-growth British startups

Chris Hayward, policy chairman of the City of London Corporation, tells CNBC that he would like to see measures aimed at backing burgeoning British businesses to scale up in the U.K., in order to drag the country out of a period of economic stagnation.

The organization represents the interests of the historic center of London that hosts much of the U.K.’s financial sector.

– Elliot Smith

5 Hours Ago

Poll: Sunak’s Conservative Party faces historic election wipeout

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak leaves Dorland House in London after giving evidence to the UK Covid-19 Inquiry during its second investigation exploring core UK decision-making and political governance.

Jordan Pettitt | Pa Images | Getty Images

The latest national poll by Ipsos, published Monday and taken from Feb. 21 to 28, gives Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s ruling Conservative Party a vote share of 20%, its lowest ever recorded since the market research company’s Political Monitor series began in 1978.

The poll suggests the main opposition Labour Party is on course for a landslide victory with 47% of the national vote, while the centrist Liberal Democrats are expected to pick up 9%. The Green Party and the hard-right Reform U.K. are each on course for 8%.

If these numbers played out nationally, Labour would end up with an enormous majority of more than 400 seats, according the Electoral Calculus.

Sunak’s job performance rating also reached the lowest point of his premiership, with only 19% of respondents satisfied with his performance as prime minister and and 73% dissatisfied, for a net rating of -54.

Labour leader Keir Starmer’s ratings also fell since January, with a net score of -26, only slightly above his lowest reading of -29 in May 2021.

However, voters see Labour as having the best policies across most key issues, including the economy, taxation, work, public services and public spending.

– Elliot Smith

6 Hours Ago

Hunt expected to announce 2 pence cut to National Insurance, reports say

Multiple British media outlets reported Tuesday that Hunt is expected to announce a 2 pence cut to National Insurance.

The U.K. National Insurance is a tax on workers’ income and employers’ profits to pay for state social security benefits, including the state pension.

The Treasury confirmed that the government will use its fiscal headroom to “help families with permanent cuts in taxation.”

The reported plans match the previous cut announced in Hunt’s Autumn Statement, which cut the NI rate from 12% to 10%.

Though touted at the time by the Conservative Party as the “largest ever tax cut for workers,” opposition parties and many economists were quick to point out that its benefit to payers would be wiped out by the effect of existing freezes on personal tax thresholds — known as the “fiscal drag.”

– Elliot Smith

6 Hours Ago

Berenberg: Tax cuts unlikely to help economic recovery, or Conservatives’ electoral hopes

LONDON – March 15, 2023: Tens of thousand of striking teachers are joined by workers from other striking trade unions as they march from Hyde Park towards Trafalgar square on the day of Finance Minister Jeremy Hunt’s Spring Budget announcement.

Guy Smallman/Getty images

Wednesday will be the government’s last chance to influence the economy before a general election at some point later this year.

But with limited fiscal headroom, Berenberg Senior Economist Kallum Pickering doubts modest tax cuts can materially help the Conservatives close the massive poll gap to the main opposition Labour Party, which appears on course for an historic landslide.

“First, the government simply does not have the fiscal headroom to give the economy a big shot in the arm,” Pickering said in a note Tuesday.

“Second, as power is likely to shift to Labour later this year, at best, tomorrow’s announcements may be valid for between six to nine months before the five-year plans are torn up and rewritten by the next (likely Labour) chancellor.”

The independent Office for Budget Responsibility in November estimated that the government had around £13 billion of headroom against its primary fiscal target, which is for public sector net debt to fall in the final year of its five-year forecast horizon.

Between April and January, government borrowing has thus far come in £9.2 billion below the OBR’s November forecast, but the extent of Hunt’s fiscal headroom will depend on a new set of OBR projections published Wednesday.

“While likely modest downgrades to economic growth will hurt projected public finances, stronger population growth and a lower profile for interest rates will provide a boost,” Pickering said.

“As a best guess, Hunt probably has wiggle room of around £20bn-25bn, which is below the £29.7bn of GDP-adjusted room that past chancellors have aimed for since the OBR was established in 2010. To retain credibility, Hunt will need to leave at least some headroom.”

– Elliot Smith

6 Hours Ago

Hunt: ‘We can now help families with permanent cuts in taxation’

The Treasury said late Tuesday night that Hunt will set out a “budget for long-term growth” through measures designed to build a “high wage, high skill economy.”

“Of course, interest rates remain high as we bring down inflation. But because of the progress we’ve made because we are delivering on the Prime Minister’s economic priorities we can now help families with permanent cuts in taxation,” Hunt is expected to say in Wednesday’s Budget statement.

The chancellor is also expected to reiterate the government’s message on fiscal responsibility, with some economists expecting targeted cuts to public spending.

“When it comes to borrowing, some believe there is a choice between responsibility and compassion. They are wrong,” Hunt is set to say.

“With the pandemic behind us, we must once again be responsible and increase our resilience to future shocks. That means bringing down borrowing so we can start to reduce our debt.”

– Elliot Smith

6 Hours Ago

Here’s what the government has already announced

As ever, the weekend before a big fiscal statement was peppered with teasers of what to expect on Wednesday.

The Treasury pre-announced plans over the weekend to deliver up to £1.8 billion ($2.3 billion) worth of benefits by boosting public sector productivity, including releasing police time for more frontline work.

The Independent Office for Budget Responsibility estimates that returning to levels of pre-pandemic productivity could save the Treasury up to £20 billion per year.

Hunt will also announce £360 million in funding to boost research and development (R&D) and manufacturing projects across the life sciences, automotive and aerospace sectors, the Treasury said Monday.

This will include £92 million in joint government and industry investment to “expand facilities to manufacture life-saving medicines and diagnostics products,” £200 million joint investment in zero-carbon aircraft technology and almost £73 million in automotive technology.

Pension funds will now be required to publicly disclose how much they invest in U.K. businesses versus those overseas, and poor performing projects will not be allowed to take on new business from employers.

– Elliot Smith

20 Hours Ago

‘Unity of understanding’ between Reeves and Hunt on fiscal rules, former Labour MP Umunna says

Chuka Umunna, head of EMEA ESG at JPMorgan and former U.K. Labour Party MP, discusses the upcoming General Election and the potential implications for fiscal policy.



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